Sparkling wine is neither red nor white or the usual rose, albeit many consider it as white wine. Champagne is the most popular sparkling wine but there are other variants. The most obvious difference between sparkling wine and normal wine is its bubbles. There are many differences in terms of flavour including dryness and sweetness, texture and aroma. Sparkling wine requires two processes of fermentation. The second fermentation process is what makes this type of wine different as it produces the bubbles. Sparkling wine is produced using two methods. One is the traditional method and the other is called tank method.
In the classic or traditional method, the second phase of fermentation is conducted in bottles. Yeast and sugars are added at this stage. This is how champagne is made. The Charmat or tank method involves a steel tank for the second phase of fermentation, hence the name. This method is used to make Prosecco, which is an Italian sparkling wine.
The most popular type of sparkling wine in the world is champagne. It is produced in a region called Champagne in France, hence the name. No sparkling wine produced anywhere else in the world can be called champagne. The second most popular sparkling wine in the world is the Italian Prosecco. This wine is produced in and around a village called Prosecco. Like champagne, no other sparkling wine in the world can be called Prosecco unless it is grown in one of the nine winegrowing regions across northeaster Italy where the Glera grape is cultivated. Spain has its own sparkling wine called Cava. Crémant is a French sparkling wine. It is produced in Limoux, Burgundy and Loire. German sparkling wine is called Sekt. France has another variant called Rosé. This variant is now also produced at Napa in California.
Sparkling wine is usually categorised on the basis of its dryness. The driest sparkling wine is extra brut, following by brut, extra dry and demi-sec. Some wines are classified as sec, which is a little drier than demi sec, almost like extra dry. This dryness is directly correlated with sweetness. The type of sparkling wine you may like will depend on the dryness, the choice of grape and of course how you enjoy the drink. Every variety of sparkling wine warrants a special pairing. You cannot mix and match any type of accompaniments you like. Some sparkling wines go well with chocolate, some are amazing when paired with sushi and some call for cheese.